College Algebra

Also known as "High School Algebra"

OK. So what are you going to learn here?

You will learn about Numbers, Polynomials, Inequalities, Sequences and Sums, many types of Functions, and how to solve them.

You will also gain a deeper insight into Mathematics, get to practice using your new skills with lots of examples and questions, and generally improve your mind.

With your new skills you will be able to put together mathematical models so you can find good quality solutions to many tricky real world situations.

Near the end of most pages is a "Your Turn" section ... do these! You need to balance your reading with doing. Answering questions helps you sort things out in your mind. And don't guess the answer: use pen and paper and try your best before seeing the solution.


So what is this thing called Mathematics? And how do you go about learning it?

Reading Math


Next, we need to think about mathematics in terms of sets.



Now we know what a set is, let us look at different sets of numbers that are useful:

pi symbol

square root of minus one


"Equal To" is nice but not always available. Maybe we only know that something is less than, or greater than. So let's learn about inequalities.




We will be using exponents a lot, so let's get to know them well.

8 to the Power 2



Polynomials were some of the first things ever studied in Algebra. They are simple, yet powerful in their ability to model real world situations.

polynomial example

expand vs factor

Graphing Polynomials



And, of course, we need to know about equations ... and how to solve them.



Graphs can save us! They are a great way to see what is going on and can help us solve many things. But we need to be careful, as they sometimes don't give the full story.



Linear Equations

They are just equations for lines. But they come in many forms.

Slope-Intercept Form



A function relates an input to an output. But from that simple foundation many useful things can be built.

doman and range


Equations of Second Degree

"Second degree" just means the variable has an exponent of 2, like x2. It is the next major step after linear equations (where the exponent is 1, like x).

Quadratic Graph


We already have experience in solving, but now we can learn more!

3d Box


Solving Inequalities

We learned about inequalities above, now let's learn how to solve them.


Exponents and Logarithms

We already know about exponents ... well logarithms just go the other way. And together they can be very powerful.

Exponent vs Logarithm

Systems of Linear Equations

What happens when we have two or more linear equations that work together? They can often be solved! It isn't very hard but can take a lot of calculations.

A Matrix



Is it likely? You be the judge!

Sequences, Series and Partial Sums

A Sequence is a set of things (usually numbers) that are in order. We can also sum up a series, where Sigma Notation is very useful.

sequence term



These last few subjects use what we have learned above.


And that is all!


But there are many other interesting algebra topics such as: